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Twilight of Empire

General Readings:


• J. ?erný. "Egypt: From the Death of Ramesses III to the End of the Twenty-First Dynasty." In Cambridge Ancient History, 3rd Edition, pp. 606-657. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

https://uchicago.box.com/shared/static/4ztu8lt3sukqh4csk1tr1wjarfpfktw1.pdf


• Amélie Kuhrt. The Ancient Near East c. 3000–330 BC. Volume 1. London: Routledge, 1995, pp. 204–224. Link:
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• The Report of Wenamon Translation by Edward Wente from W. Simpson (ed.), The Literature of Ancient Egypt, pp. 116–124.

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• Translation by Robert K. Ritner from R. Ritner, The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period, Writings from the Ancient World 21 (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009), pp. 87–99.

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General Readings:


• John Taylor. "The Third Intermediate Period (1069–664 BC)." In The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw, pp. 330–368. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

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• I. Edwards. "Egypt: from the Twenty-Second to the Twenty-Fourth Dynasty." In Cambridge Ancient History, 3rd Edition, pp. 534–581. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

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• English translations from Robert K. Ritner, The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period, Writings from the Ancient World 21 (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009):


o Texts concerning Herihor, pp. 81-87. Link:
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o The Reburial of Royal Mummies under Pinedjem I, pp. 114-117. Link:
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o The Bubastite Portal at Karnak: Reliefs of Sheshonq I, pp. 193-213. Link:
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o Bubastis Jubilee Reliefs and Associated Monuments, pp. 291–341. Link:
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General Readings:


• T. G. James. "Egypt: The Twenty-Fifth and Twenty-Sixth Dynasties." In Cambridge Ancient History, 3rd Edition, pp. 677–708.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

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• Christopher Naunton. "Libyans and Nubians." In A Companion to Ancient Egypt, edited by Alan B. Lloyd, pp. 120–139. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

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• The Piye Victory Stela English translation from R. Ritner, The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period, Writings from the Ancient World 21 (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009), pp. 465–492.

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General Readings:


• Alan B. Lloyd. "The Late Period." In The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw, pp. 369–394. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

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• Olivier Perdu. "Saites and Persians (664–332)." In A Companion to Ancient Egypt, edited by Alan B. Lloyd, pp. 140–158. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

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Select Primary Sources:


• Adoption Stela of Nitocris English translation in R. Ritner, The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period, Writings from the Ancient World 21 (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009), pp. 575–582.

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• Tale of Amasis and the Skipper English translation in Robert K. Ritner from R. Ritner, The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period, Writings from the Ancient World 21 (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009), pp. 450–452.

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General Readings:


• John D. Ray. "Egypt 525–404 B.C." In Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 4: Persia, Greece and the Western Mediterranean c. 525 to 479 B.C., pp. 254–286. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

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• Edda Bresciani. "The Persian Occupation of Egypt." In The Cambridge History of Iran, edited by W. B. Fisher, I. Gerschevitch, and E. Yarshater, pp. 502–528. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

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• The Prophecy of the Lamb Translation by Robert K. Ritner from W. Simpson (ed.), The Literature of Ancient Egypt, pp. 445–449.

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• The Petition of Petiese English translation from Francis Llewelyn Griffith. Catalogue of the Demotic Papyri in the John Rylands Library. Volume III: Key-List, Translations, Commentaries and Indices (Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 1909), pp. 60–112.

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• The Demotic Chronicle English translation by Joachim Friedrich Quack from The Context of Scripture, Volume 4: Supplements, edited by K. Lawson Younger, Jr., pp. 27–32. Leiden: Brill, 2017.

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• The Regulations on the Verso of the Demotic Chronicle Translation from Amélie Kuhrt. The Persian Empire: A Corpus of Sources from the Achaemenid Period (London: Routledge, 2007), pp. 124-127.

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General Readings:


• Agnieszka Wojciechowska. From Amyrtaeus to Ptolemy: Egypt in the Fourth Century B.C. Philippika 97. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2016, pp. 21–72.

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• Martina Minas-Nerpel. "Pharaoh and Temple Building in the Fourth Century BCE." In Ptolemy I and the Transformation of Egypt, 404–282 BCE, edited by Paul McKechnie and Jennifer Cromwell, pp. 120–165. Mnemosyne Supplements 415. Leiden: Boston.

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• Decree of Nectanebo I (from the Naucratis Stela and Thonis/Heracleion Stela) English translation of the Naucratis Stela in Miriam Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature: A Book of Readings, Volume III: The Late Period (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980, second edition 2006), pp. 86–89.

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•  English translation of the Thonis/Heracleion Stela in Anne-Sophie von Bomhard, The Decree of Saïs: The Stelae of Thonis-Heracleion and Naukratis, Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology Monograph 7 (Oxford: School of Archaeology, 2012), pp. 49–54.

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• Nectanebo's Dream or the Prophecy of Petesis ( and the Alexander Romance) English translation in Kim Ryholt, "Nectanebo's Dream or the Prophecy of Petesis," in Apokalyptik und Ägypten: Eine kritische Analyse der relevanten Texte aus dem griechisch-römischenÄgypten, edited by A. Blasius and B. U. Schipper, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 107 (Leuven: Peeters, 2002), pp. 221–241.

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General Readings:


• Alan Lloyd. "The Ptolemaic Period (332–30 BC)." In The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw, pp. 395–421. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

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• Eric Turner. "Ptolemaic Egypt." In The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume VII, Part I: The Hellenistic World, pp. 118–174. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

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• The Oracle of Ammon for Alexander English translation in M. Austin, The Hellenistic World from Alexander to the Roman Conquest, pp. 35–36.

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• The Satrap Stela English translation by Robert K. Ritner from W. Simpson (ed.), The Literature of Ancient Egypt, pp. 392–397.

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• The Rosetta Stone English translation in M. Austin, The Hellenistic World from Alexander to the Roman Conquest, pp. 491–496.

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• The Tale of Setna Khamwas and the Mummies English translation by Robert K. Ritner from W. Simpson (ed.), The Literature of Ancient Egypt, pp. 453–469.

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General Readings:


• David Peacock. "The Roman Period (30 BC–AD 395)." In The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw, pp. 422–445. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

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• Robert K. Ritner. "Egypt under Roman rule: The Legacy of Ancient Egypt." In The Cambridge History of Egypt, Volume 1: Islamic Egypt, 640–1517, edited by Carl F. Petry, pp. 1–33. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

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Select Primary Sources:


• The Stela of Corneilus Gallus Martina Minas-Nerpel and Stefan Pfeiffer. "Establishing Roman Rule in Egypt: The Trilingual Stela of C. Cornelis Gallus from Philae." In Tradition and Transformation: Egypt under Roman Rule, edited by Katja Lembke, Marina Minas-Nerpel, and Stefan Pfeiffer, pp. 265–298. Culture and History of the Ancient Near East 41. Leiden: Brill 2010.

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• The Inscriptions of Nesmeterakhem and Panakhetet English translation in Richard Parkinson, Cracking Codes: The Rosetta Stone and Decipherment, pp. 178–179.

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